An athletic lifestyle offers many health benefits. This is hardly news. Exercise, attention to good eating and getting adequate rest makes everything better: lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, higher heart rate turbulence and better survival in the event of heart attack and Cancer, just to name a few. The list of positives approaches infinity. We athletes do a lot that is healthy.
But tonight, I want to muse about yet another benefit of being a competitive athleteâ€”you know, the kind of person that signs up for a challenge and then sees it through. No, itâ€™s not just about bike racing, it could be anything that involves pinning a number and seeing results published on the word wide web.
What extra benefit?
Itâ€™s our mindsets. We masters-aged competitors are optimists. We embody positive perceptions and expectations. How else could we keep training, trying, testing and tolerating amateur outputs? When asked, â€œOverall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad,â€ competitive athletes answer â€˜A:â€™ I agree a lot. Athletes donâ€™t awaken before sunrise to train because we expect to race poorly. Rather, we envision enjoying beautiful race-day sensations. And when we donâ€™t feel these, we expect to fare better in the next race. If only I…
It turns out that all this optimism is healthy. And you donâ€™t have to take an amateur bloggerâ€™s opinion. Letâ€™s look at some science: (three sentences per study)
Optimism and lower stroke risk:
Check out this University of Michigan study of more than 6000 masters-aged adults. Even after controlling for known cardiac risks (obesity, high blood pressure etc), anxiety, depression, and hostility, dispositional optimism lowered the risk of stroke. In other words, optimism itself, not just itâ€™s association with happiness, lower anxiety and less hostility lowered the risk of a catastrophic blockage in a brain artery.
Optimism and lower risk of coronary artery disease and mortality:
US researchers followed more than 97,000 women for about 8 years. Measures of optimism and cynical hostility were strongly associated with outcomes: Optimists had a lower incidence of heart disease and total mortality. Conversely, cynical hostility was associated with both higher overall mortality and Cancer-related mortality.
Itâ€™s not clear how optimism exerts its effects. Is it an independent variable that has specific biologic effects, or is it just an associated trait of otherwise health-conscious people?
Put me down for pure biology. (Almost always put me down for biology.) We may not understand the exact messengers from brain to artery yet, but my guess is that it involves inflammation. Studies like these are why I think this way:
Pessimism and increased markers of inflammation:
University of Michigan researchers studied the associations between optimism/pessimism and concentrations of inflammatory markers in 6800 middle-aged people without heart disease. Not surprisingly, they found that pessimism related to higher levels of inflammation.
It appears our athletic mindsets only add to the other health benefits of chasing peak performance. This, I believe.
Pin the number.
Check the results on the internet.
Believe the future holds better results.
Enjoy smoother blood vessels and less sticky blood.
And donâ€™t forget to top it all off withâ€¦
A Grin. â˜º
P.S. Here is the link to the test used to measure optimism: LOT-R–Life Orientation Test- Revised.
3 replies on “CW: Believing the future will be better…is heart-healthy?”
speaking of athlete’s and a-fib, I would be interested in your thoughts on athletes and anti-coagulants. One, I know a lot of your patients are cyclists, so I’m curious to what extent, if any, those recreational activities impact your counseling them on (1) the decision of whether to take anti-coagulants at all in light of the bleed risk associated with an accident, and (2) the decision of which to take, i.e., one with a bleeding “antidote” (warfarin) or one without (pradaxa).
Perhaps too nuanced for a comment reply, but maybe a topic for a future blog post.
As always, thanks for the effort that goes into this informative blog.
Mike, I am a cyclist dealing with recurrent A-Fib and, related to my ablations, have been on and off warfarin during the past three years. While being anti-coagulated, if I’m in therapeutic INR range, 2.0-3.0, no doctor has ever told me to stay off my bike. However once when my INR spiked to 5.2, I was advised not to ride for a week until the level came down. I’m always mindful of the possible risks of cycling and try to be very careful while riding down steep hills and near others, especially those I don’t know.
By the way, if you are considering an ablation, be aware that anti-coagulation is required for several weeks before and up to several months after, so it is not a question of a person’s CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc score. Although I have researched Pradaxa, currently, my local clinic and the arrhythmia center where two of my ablations were done only prescribe warfarin, so the choice has been made for me and I adhere to it (and ride carefully). The goal is successful A-Fib treatment, ultimately making anti-coagulation unnecessary (and hopefully allowing me to regain my cycling abilities).
This really got me to thinking.
I am 68 and had a CABG, but no MI or angina. So I have no restrictions.
I love cycling. But more into recreational “exploring”. Typically 20-30 mile rides. In general I am not competitive (ie, racing), but seem to try to beat my own recprds.
I have always though that I was more optimistic then pessimistic.
But I realize that I have been allowing pessimism to put off things.
This morning is a perfect example.
One Wednesday morning there is group of mostly older people that ride about 30-35 miles. I have found that riding with this group has improved my riding.
But the weather forecast was marginal. Cool (58-60) in the morning turning cold and windy in the afternoon with rain. But possibility of sprinkles in the morning.
Without going through all of my thinking I realized that I was focusing on the possibility of weather getting bad, and thus cancelled. Rather then looking at the chance of it not raining until later in the day and option of turning back early if needed.